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ROBINSON CRUSOE -  An English Graphical Bibliography 

PUBLISHERS

C (continued)
 

W.l & R. Chambers (1832-)
Chambers was founded as "W. & R. Chambers Publishers" by the two brothers William Chambers of Glenormiston and Robert Chambers. They were born into a rich, mill-owning family in Peebles in Scotland in 1800 and 1802 respectively, during the time of the war with France. The war impoverished the family and, in 1813, the family left Peebles for Edinburgh. Robert remained at home to finish his education, but William was forced to find work to support his parents. He was a keen reader and would get up early in the morning to read by the dawn light because he was too poor to buy candles. He was apprenticed to a bookseller, at the sum of 4 shillings a week. Robert, also an avid reader, could not go to university when he finished school because his parents could not afford to pay. He too moved to Edinburgh, rented a one-roomed shop in Leith Walk, and set himself up as a bookseller when he was just 16 years old. William's apprenticeship came to an end when he turned 18 and he joined Robert working in the shop.

Although they had had a modest beginning, the brothers began to do well. They had no training in printing and binding but together they printed, bound and published 750 copies of The Songs of Robert Burns in around 1819. This was the nearest thing to a guaranteed best-seller in 19th-century Edinburgh, and brought further profits and some fame.

In 1824, Robert wrote and the brothers published Traditions of Edinburgh. Education was always the main priority for William and Robert. In 1832, they published The Chambers Journal, a weekly newspaper containing articles on subjects such as history, religion, language and science, many of which were written by Robert himself. It was an immediate success and within a few years the weekly circulation had risen to 84,000 copies. This put an end to their struggle to survive although they still had to work hard.

Chambers published an extensive list of innovative and ultra-reliable language and reference titles, covering English-language dictionaries, thesauruses, bilingual dictionaries, and specialist titles on subjects such as biography, quotations, literary characters, science and technology and world history.

At the end of 2009, the parent company shut the Edinburgh premises of Chambers Harrap Publishers. The Chambers imprint is now managed from London by Hodder Education, while Harrap titles are edited in Paris. [from Wikipedia]

  1. chambers1838 The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. Edinburgh, William & Robert Chambers Ltd., 1838 [285]
  2.   []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1884

  3. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1886

  4. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1887

  5. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1889

  6. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1889

  7. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1892

  8. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd.  [advertisement for 1893 book]

  9. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd

  10. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd   [inscribed 1895]

  11. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd

  12. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd.

  13. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd  [inscribed 1902]] [e25bin]

  14. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd   [inscribed 1897]  [15]

  15. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd.  [inscribed 1900]

  16. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1897

  17. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd.  [inscribed 1903] 

  18. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd

  19. cover []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd
  20.    []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., 1934

  21.  []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London and Edinburgh, W & R Chambers Ltd., nd [editorial note dated 1884]

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