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ROBINSON CRUSOE -  An English Graphical Bibliography 

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Rand McNally (1895-2010)
In 1856, William Rand opened a printing shop in Chicago and two years later hired a newly arrived Irish immigrant, Andrew McNally, to work in his shop. The shop did big business with the forerunner of the Chicago Tribune, and in 1859 Rand and McNally were hired to run the Tribune's entire printing operation. In 1868, the two men formally established Rand McNally & Co. and bought out the Tribune's printing business. The company initially focused on printing tickets and timetables for Chicago's booming railroad industry, and the following year supplemented that business by publishing complete railroad guides. In 1870, the company expanded into printing business directories and an illustrated newspaper, the People's Weekly. According to company lore, during the Great Chicago Fire in 1871, Rand McNally quickly had two of the company's printing machines buried in a sandy beach of Lake Michigan, and the company was up and running again only a few days later. The very first Rand McNally map, created using a new cost-saving wax engraving method, appeared in the December 1872 edition of its Railroad Guide. Rand McNally became an incorporated business in 1873, with Rand as its president and McNally as vice president. The Business Atlas, containing maps and data pertinent to business planning, was first published in 1876. The atlas is still updated today, now titled the Commercial Atlas & Marketing Guide. The Trade Book department was established in 1877, publishing such titles as The Locust Plague in the United States. Rand McNally began publishing educational maps in 1880 with its first line of maps, globes, and geography textbooks, soon followed by a world atlas. The company began publishing general literature in 1884 with its first title, The Secret of Success, and the Textbook department was established in 1894 with The Rand McNally Primary School Geography. Also in 1894, the company opened an office in New York City headed by Caleb S. Hammond, who later started his own map company, C. S. Hammond & Co..

Rand McNally has always been a privately held or "pink sheet" company, with stock held by very few parties and very thinly traded When Rand retired in 1899, he sold his shares in the company to McNally and the other company officers. The McNally family was the majority owner for nearly 100 years, from 1899 until 1997, at which time the family decided to divest its majority stake. The company was sold piecemeal;
- In January 1997, the company announced it was selling its Book Services Group, which employed 1,700 people in Versailles, Kentucky and Taunton, Massachusetts, to World Color Press
- In February 1997, the DocuSystems Group, which printed airline tickets and luggage tags at its Nashville facility, was sold to Code Hennessy & Simmons, a Chicago-based private equity firm.
- In April 1997, the Media Services Group, which employed 350 people with offices in Nashville, Tennessee; Fremont, California; Shannon, Ireland; and the Asia-Pacific region, was sold to McQueen, a Scottish software company.
The sole remaining group, publishing, represented the core mapmaking business of the company.
- In November 1997, the McNally family completed its divestiture by selling its majority ownership to AEA Investors Much of the purchase price was leveraged, meaning the company took on significant debt hedging on future earnings. AEA intended to capitalize on Rand McNally's brand recognition by bringing digital mapping to the masses and attracting public investors during the dot-com boom. However, the company fell behind the technology curve of upstarts such as MapQuest and fell further into debt.
- AEA's stake in the company was acquired by Leonard Green & Partners through a prepackaged Chapter 11 restructuring deal on January 15, 2003.
- In December 2007, Patriarch Partners, which had previously been a minority owner, bought out Leonard Green and the remaining minority owners to become the sole owner of Rand McNally. Rand McNally's former corporate headquarters in Skokie. The building was sold to Ida Crown Jewish Academy. [edit] Facilities Rand McNally had been headquartered in Chicago since its inception. Their 1890 headquarters on West Adams Street was the world's first all-steel framed skyscraper.
- By the 1950s its Chicago area workforce had grown to over 1,000 employees and larger facilities were needed.
- In 1952, a new 283,008 sq ft (26,292 m2) building was opened in suburban Skokie, bringing corporate offices, printing, and distribution operations under one roof. Over the ensuing decades, however, printing and distribution operations were relocated, eventually resulting in the underutilization of its aging Skokie building.
- It was sold in February 2008 to Ida Crown Jewish Academy and the approximately 200 current employees relocated in January 2009 to an office building near Skokie's Old Orchard Mall.
Its Irvine, California facilities from the acquisition of Thomas Bros. Maps in 1997 were closed in 2010.
Rand McNally sold its Canadian subsidiary, located in Markham, Ontario, on June 30, 2008 to the newly formed Canadian Cartographics Corporation. [Wikipedia]

  1. rand rand-title[]. Robinson Crusoe. New York, Rand McNally & Co., nd  [e27bin]
  2. []. [illustrated by Milo Winter]. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago, Rand McNally, 1914   
  3. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago, Rand McNally, 1914
  4. title page[]. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago, Rand McNally, 1914 [w13.46] [e75bin][25bin]
  5. []. Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. New York, Rand McNally Co., 1914    [e75bin]
  6. []. Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally Co., nd.   [inscribed 1917]
  7. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., 1928
  8. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., 1936
  9.   []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., nd. [1897-1903]
  10. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., nd.
  11.  []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., nd.
  12. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe. Chicago and New York, Rand McNally & Co., nd.

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