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ROBINSON CRUSOE -  An English Graphical Bibliography 

PUBLISHERS

S (continued)
 

Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (1698 -)
The Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge (SPCK) is the oldest Anglican mission organisation. It was founded in 1698 by Thomas Bray (an Anglican priest), and a small group of friends. The most important early leaders were Anton Wilhelm Boehm and court preacher Friedrich Michael Ziegenhagen. Today, the SPCK is most widely known for its publishing of Christian books.

The Society was founded to encourage Christian education and the production and distribution of Christian literature. SPCK has always sought to find ways to communicate the basic principles of the Christian faith to a wider audience, both in Britain and overseas.

Publishing

Thomas Bray believed passionately in the power of the printed word and from its earliest days SPCK commissioned tracts and pamphlets, making it the third oldest publishing house in England. (Only the Oxford and Cambridge University Press have existed longer.)

Throughout the eighteenth century SPCK was by far the largest producer of Christian literature in Britain. The range of its output was considerable—from pamphlets aimed at specific groups such as farmers, prisoners, soldiers, seamen, servants and slave-owners, to more general works on subjects such as baptism, confirmation, Holy Communion, the Prayer Book and private devotion. Increasingly, more substantial books were also published, both on Christian subjects and, from the 1830s onwards, on general educational topics as well.

SPCK's publishing team currently produces around 80 titles per year, for audiences from a wide range of Christian traditions and none. Books range from the academic to the popular, from devotional literature and works on spirituality to books addressing contemporary issues in the Church and society.

SSPCK in Scotland

The Scottish wing,[citation needed] the Society in Scotland for the Propagation of Christian Knowledge (SSPCK), was formed by royal charter in 1709 as a separate organisation with the purpose of founding schools "where religion and virtue might be taught to young and old" in the Scottish Highlands and other "uncivilised" areas of the country, thus countering the threat of Roman Catholic missionaries achieving "a serious landslide to Rome" and of growing Highland Jacobitism.

Their schools were a valuable addition to the Church of Scotland programme of education in Scotland which was already working with support from a tax on landowners to provide a school in every parish. The SSPCK had 5 schools by 1711, 25 by 1715, 176 by 1758 and 189 by 1808, by then with 13,000 pupils attending. At first the SSPCK avoided using the Gaelic language with the result that pupils ended up learning by rote without understanding what they were reading. In 1741 the SSPCK introduced a Gaelic-English vocabulary, then in 1767 brought in a New Testament with facing pages of Gaelic and English texts for both languages to be read alongside one another, with more success and in this year also changed the language of instruction in their Highland schools from English to Gaelic.[1] In the early 19th century their activity declined and the work was taken over by the Gaelic Societies of Edinburgh, Glasgow and Inverness.

Distribution (Bookshops)

SPCK's early publications were distributed through a network of supporters who received books and tracts to sell or give away in their own localities. Large quantities of Christian literature were provided for the Navy, and the Society actively encouraged the formation of parish libraries, to help both clergy and laity. By the nineteenth century, members had formed themselves into local district committees, many of which established small book depots—which at one time numbered over four hundred—these being overseen by central committees such as the Committee of General Literature and Education.

In the 1930s a centrally co-ordinated network of SPCK Bookshops was established, offering a wide range of books from many different publishers. On 1 November 2006, St. Stephen The Great Charitable Trust took over the Bookshops but continued to trade under the SPCK name under licence from SPCK. That licence was withdrawn in October 2007. However, shops continued trading as SPCK Bookshops without licence. After October 2006 SPCK itself no longer owned or operated any bookshops. [from The Tom Brown Series by Tom Hughes]

  1. cover title []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. This new edition, revised and corrected by James Plumptre. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1837
  2. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. This new edition, revised and corrected by James Plumptre. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ inscribed 1846]

  3. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. This new edition, revised and corrected by James Plumptre. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ inscribed 1859]

  4. []. Robinson Crusoe. His life and Adventures.  London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd 

  5. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ INSCRIBED 1864]

  6. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ inscribed 1876]

  7. cover[]. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd      
  8. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ inscribed 1884]

  9. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an account of his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. Lonson, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd        [ INSCRIBED 1900]

  10. []. The Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner: With an accountof his Travels round three Parts of the Globe, Written by Himself. London, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, nd    [inscribed 1898]

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