Robinson Crusoe - a Comprehensive Publication Identification Guide

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ROBINSON CRUSOE -  An English Graphical Bibliography 

PUBLISHERS

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Marcus Ward & Co. (1802-1899)
Marcus Ward and Co. had its beginnings back in 1802 with a partnership between John Ward, James Blow and Robert Greenfield. By the 1820s they owned paper mills in Belfast, Comber and Coleraine which operated under the company name of John Ward and Sons. It was in the early 1830s that Marcus Ward (son of John Ward) took over the running of the Belfast paper mill. Then in the mid-1830s Marcus formed a new company called Marcus Ward & Sons based in Belfast.[1] Marcus gave the company a new direction in stationery and general publishing. Marcus Ward and Sons soon became very successful in the area of colour lithography winning a medal at the Great Exhibition of 1851. By the time Marcus died in 1847 his three sons Francis, William and John had successfully taken over the running of the business. (In later life John was an FSA, committee member of the Egypt Exploration Society and author of several titles on middle eastern archaeology, sometimes illustrated by his own watercolours.)
In the 1860s Marcus Ward & Co began mass-producing calendars and greeting cards. Initially they printed cards for other publishers such as Goodall and Charles Bennett. By the late 1860s they began printing greeting cards under their own name. This venture turned out to be very successful, the company engaging Thomas Crane as artistic director and talented artists such as Kate Greenaway and Walter Crane as illustrators. In the early years of card production they marked the reverse with their trademark. In later years the company name was printed on the front side of their greeting cards.[ Wikipedia]

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In the second half of the nineteenth century an enterprising Belfast family created Marcus Ward & Company a stationery, colour-printing and publishing business that gained an international reputation for the quality of its products. In 1867 Marcus Ward & Co of Belfast established a London office and showroom in Chandos Street, Covent Garden. By 1872 it was evident the thriving business was in desperate need of larger premises in Belfast where the firm’s manufacturing base was located. The new building, custom built with five floors, was finished in 1874. It covered four and a half acres and was named the Royal Ulster Works.
This firm for a while monopolised the whole of the better-class trade. Beginning with the use of German chromos, usually mounted on card with lithographed borders in gold and colours of home manufacture, they soon issued reproductions of original designs by artists of repute, and gained a position where they stood without rival.”
By the mid 1890s the firm was struggling and went into dissolution in 1899. The rival Belfast firm of M’Caw, Stevenson & Orr reached agreement with the Liquidator by the end of 1900 to purchase the entire business and goodwill of Marcus Ward & Co. [from scrapalbum.com]

  1.  

  2. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London, Marcus Ward & Co., nd.  [inscribed 1883]

  3. []. The Life and Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner. London, Marcus Ward & Co., nd.

  4.   []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner.  London, Marcus Ward & Co., 1876

  5. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner.  London, Marcus Ward & Co., nd
  6.  []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner.  London, Marcus Ward & Co., 1876

  7. []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner.  London, Marcus Ward & Co., 1876 [14]

  8.   []. The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York, Mariner.  London, Marcus Ward & Co., 1876

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